Fertilization tests and precaution for women

Infertility is the serious problem, as it has the potential to change the life that you had imagined for yourself. If there is a problem with the female, then it is known as female infertility. All the women are born with eggs but the egg quality and quantity start diminishing with the age.  Age is something, which cannot be controlled, but if you want a baby then you should communicate with your partner sooner. As male age factor has also a major impact on the child health and miscarriage. There are many fertility tests for women to diagnose the problem; some of the major tests are enlisted below:

1.    Blood Tests and Semen Analysis

Your infertility test will begin with a physical exam and blood tests,  to observe the value of female hormones,  prolactin,thyroid hormones, and male hormones, as well as for hepatitis and HIV. The physical examination may include a pelvic examination, as to diagnose gonorrhea,Chlamydia, or other genital infections, which may cause fertility problem.

The male partner may also be involved in the physical test to evaluate for genital infections. Your doctor proceeds further after the complete semen analysis for the male partner to check the shape, mobility and number of the sperm.

Other Tests and Procedures

  • BBT charting

In this technique,your doctor recommends you to begin charting your basal body temperature as a way toexamining ovulation. However, while BBT charting is a technique is used forages,still, experts don’t believe that it is as precise as ovulation tests.

  • Postcoital test.

Before visiting the doctor you should have intercourse for several hours in advance, as it requires the sample of cervical mucus for microscopic examination. This is the way of testing interaction with the cervical mucus and the viability of the sperm.

  • Transvaginal (pelvic) ultrasound exam.

This test involves an ultrasound to check the current condition of the uterus and ovaries. This test is done to determine the working of follicles in the ovaries. Thus, this ultrasound is performed before the 15 days of the menstrual period.

  • Hysterosalpinogram.

Hysterosalpinogram is also known as an HSG or “tubogram.” In this series of x-rays are conducted after the liquid is injected into the uterus through your cervix and vagina. This test helps in diagnosing the blockage of fallopian tube and deficiencies of the uterus. An HSG test isusually scheduled between 6 and 13days of your cycle.

  • Hysteroscopy

If there is any problem is in the HSG, your doctor might recommend a hysteroscopy. In this, a thin telescope-like instrument is inserted into the uterus through which the doctor to see and examine the internal area to look for any problems.

  • Laparoscopy

In laparoscopy, the laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen to look for scarring, endometriosis, and other conditions. This procedure is more offensive than an HSG and you may suffer from general an aesthesia conditions.

Before the start of treatment such as IUI and IVF fertilization, all these tests are performed. Your doctor will guide you better about all these tests and tell you which are more your situation. After thesetesting, about 85% of couples will have an idea why they’re havinga problem in getting pregnant.


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