What are the minimally invasive surgical procedures and how it works?
What are minimally invasive procedures?
Minimally invasive surgical procedures include surgical techniques that limit the size of incisions required and reduce the healing time of the wound, the associated pain and the risk of infection. Definitional surgery is invasive and many operations requiring incisions of a certain size are referred to as open surgery, in which incisions can sometimes leave large, ugly wound marks and take a long time to heal and disappear. The advancement of various medical technologies has enabled minimally invasive procedures. An endovascular aneurysm repair is much less invasive as an example of minimally invasive surgery because it involves much smaller incisions than the corresponding open surgery procedure of open aortic surgery. This minimally invasive surgery was the most common method in the United States in 2003 to repair abdominal aortic aneurysms.
Interventional radiologists were the front runners of minimally invasive procedures. By using imaging techniques, radiologists could direct interventional instruments throughout the body via catheters rather than large incisions required in traditional surgery, so that many conditions that once required surgery can now be treated non-surgically.
Minimally invasive surgery is a state-of-the-art procedure that enables surgeons to use endoscopic techniques to deal with a variety of problems. Since the tools used during minimally invasive surgery are small, our surgeons can create smaller incisions needed for traditional open surgery. A tiny, high-resolution fiber-optic camera is at the end of the laparoscope used during this procedure. This camera, which is connected to a monitor, is used by the surgeon as a guide for viewing the surgical area and directing the tools used. Even joint replacement surgeons in Pakistan are recommending this minimally invasive surgery to their patients.
Benefits of minimally invasive surgical procedures
Compared to open surgery, minimally invasive surgeryoffers a number of advantages for patients. For this reason, doctors normally recommend laparoscopic surgery over traditional surgery. Doctors adopt this procedure for joint replacement surgery, even in Pakistan.
Smaller incisions–Although several incisions are used during laparoscopy, they are extremely small whereas, in open surgery, the size of the incision generally varies from3-inchto8-inch, depending on the procedure. No visible incision is required for certain laparoscopic procedures.
Reduced complications risk – Using small incisions allows lower blood loss, lower risk of infection, and lower tissue injury.
Rapid recovery with less pain– The longer incision may result in increased abdominal wall pain and longer recovery time during open surgery. There may be extensive recovery time following traditional surgical procedures (usually four to six weeks): with minimally invasive surrey, however, recovery time may be as short as a few days depending on the procedure. Minimally invasive surgery allows a shorter hospital stay, with many patients on the day of their procedure returning home.
Reduced scarring – Because laparoscopic surgery requires smaller incisions, the scars are also smaller than those seen with traditional surgical procedures.
Less costly than traditional surgery– The overall costs associated with minimally invasive surgery are reduced as laparoscopic surgery reduces the number of office appointments, the amount of time spent in the hospital, anesthesia and the need for medication after the procedure.
Common types of minimally invasive surgery
Laparoscopy – The overall costs associated with minimally invasive surgery are reduced as laparoscopic surgery reduces the number of office appointments, the amount of time spent in the hospital, anesthesia and the need for medication after the procedure.
Robotic laparoscopy – Robotic laparoscopy uses laparoscopic devices controlled by a console-sitting surgeon.
Hysteroscopy – Hysteroscopy uses a lighted telescope (called a hysteroscope) to see the inside of the uterus (womb) inserted through the vagina and cervix (womb neck). No incisions have been made.
The drawbacks of minimally invasive surgery
It is not suitable for all.
For women who have had previous “open” surgery in the upper or lower part of their belly or women with other medical problems, some minimally invasive surgery is riskier. Other reasons for choosing open and not minimally invasive surgery may be given to the surgeon. Not all surgeries can be done using techniques that are minimally invasive. That’s why a number of healthcare professionals are not in favor of minimally invasive procedure for joint replacement surgery in Pakistan.
Special equipment and training are required.
Surgeons need special training before minimally invasive surgery can be performed. Not all doctors are qualified to perform these types of procedures and not all hospitals have the necessary special equipment to perform some or all of these types of operations.
To find out what kind of surgery is best for you, you should talk to your doctor.
Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement
The surgical procedure is similar in minimally invasive knee replacement, but there is less tissue cutting around the knee. Used artificial implants are the same as traditional knee replacement implants. Specially designed surgical instruments, however, are used to prepare the femur and tibia and properly place the implants.
Minimally invasive knee replacement for traditional knee replacement is performed by a shorter incision 4 to 6 inches versus 8 to 10 inches. A smaller incision makes fewer disturbances to the tissue possible prompting surgeons to adopt this method to carry out joint replacement surgery.
Besides a shorter incision, the knee opening technique is less invasive. Commonly, invasive replacement surgery utilizes techniques called “quadriceps-sparing”. This way the quadriceps front tendons and muscles ofthe thigh remain safe from trauma. Other minimally invasive techniques called “midvastus” and “subvastus” make small muscle incisions but are less invasive than traditional knee replacement as well. Because the techniques used to expose the joint involve less muscle disruption, less postoperative pain and less recovery time may result.
The hospital stay is similar in length to the stay after traditional joint replacement surgery in Pakistan after minimally invasive surgery, ranging from 1 to 4 days. A critical component of recovery is physical rehabilitation. You will be provided with specific exercises by your surgeon or physical therapist to help increase your range of motion and restore strength.
Knee Joint Replacement Surgery In Pakistan
Numbers of orthopedic surgeons in Pakistan are skilled enough to perform a good knee replacement surgery. Minimally Invasive surgery is not common in Pakistan but it is also not totally absent. So if a patient wants a Knee Joint Replacement Surgery in Pakistan, he or she may not find much trouble in finding good doctors who specialize in it.